The history behind chocolate

600 AD Chocolate, derived from the seed of the cocoa tree, was used by the Maya Culture, as early as the Sixth Century AD.

1200 AD The Aztecs attributed the creation of the cocoa plant to their god Quetzalcoatl who, descended from heaven on a beam of a morning star carrying a cocoa tree stolen from paradise. In both the Mayan and Aztec cultures cocoa was the basis for a thick, cold, unsweetened drink called xocoatl… believed to be a health elixir. Since sugar was unknown to the Aztecs, different spices were used to add flavour, even hot chili peppers and corn meal were used.

15th century the Aztec empire took over a sizable part of Mesoamerica. The Aztecs traded with Mayans and other people for cacao and often required that citizens and conquered people pay their tribute in cacao seeds — a form of Aztec money. Pueblo people, who lived in an area that is now the U.S. Southwest, imported cacao from Mesoamerican cultures in southern Mexico or Central America between 900 to 1400. This was used in a common beverage consumed by everyone in their society.

1502 Columbus landed in Nicaragua: He was the first European to discover cocoa beans being used as currency, and to make a drink, as in the Aztec culture. Christopher Columbus brought some cocoa beans to show Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, but it was Spanish friars who introduced it to Europe more broadly.

1711 Chocolate migrates to Vienna: Emperor Charles VI transfers his court from Madrid to Vienna and along with his Court, comes chocolate.

1828 The cocoa press is invented: The press lead to reduced prices and helped to improve the quality of the beverage by squeezing out part of the cocoa butter. Drinking chocolate had a smooth consistency and a more pleasing taste.

1900 Switzerland takes the leadership role: Spain, where chocolate was first introduced to Europeans, falls far behind. Germany consumes the most per head, followed by the United States, France and Great Britain.

The active ingredients of chocolate and what they contain:

  • 1Flavonoids: Antioxidant anti-aging substances (not included in the whitechocolate).
  • 2Cocoa butter:Excellent nutritional properties for the skin. moisturizes and soothes even the most dry or chapped skin.
  • 3Magnesium: Stimulates the growth of skin cells. Tones and improves mood.
  • 4Caffeine: Acts as a stimulant to the body and has an invigorating effect on the skin.
  • 5Theiovromine: It stimulates the heart muscle and nerve system. Located in greater numbers in dark chocolate.
  • 6Phenylethylamine: Causes a good mood. It is the same substance secreted in the brainof those who fall in love!